Sustainable Development in India
Great civilizations are not murdered. Instead, they take their own lives.
The great civilization of the human race has exploited nature over centuries in every way possible, leading to their own collapse and deep historical impacts on the same.
The great variety of life on earth has provided for the needs of human beings over a thousand years. This diversity of living creatures forms a support system used by each civilization for its growth and development. Those who have used this law of nature carefully and in a sustainable manner have survived whereas those who have misused it have harshly suffered the impact of the same. That’s why environmental protection and sustainable development has recently been a major agenda of many countries in the world.
The greatest threat to our planet is the belief that someone else will save it.
India, just like many other countries in the world, does not want to lag behind in the field of sustainable development. A good example is the International Solar Alliance (ISA) of which India is a founding member and leads 121 countries of the world, including many developed countries. The ISA has set a target of producing 1 TW of solar energy by 2030, which current French President Emmanuel Macron said would require $1 trillion to achieve. India aims to produce 100 GW of solar energy by 2022, which is one-tenth of ISA’s total goal.
Recently, Indian Prime Minister, Mr. Narendra Modi spoke at the United Nations Climate Action Summit in New York. In the summit, he talked about India’s renewable energy target to 450 GW and reiterated India’s commitment to the creation of 175 GW renewable energy capacity by 2022 under the Paris Climate Agreement.
A recent report from NITI Ayog states that 21 cities will run out of groundwater by 2020 and 40% of the country’s population may not have access to clean drinking water by 2030. This will directly affect more than 600 million people in India. NITI Aayog has also stated that India stands on the 120th position out of 122 countries in water quality index. To solve this, the Indian government has planned to spend approximately 50 billion US$ in the next few years under the Jal Jeevan Mission. The main aim of this program is to conserve water, develop water resources and rainwater harvesting. Talking about rainwater harvesting, the annual rainfall in India is 400 million hectare meters. Most of this water simply gets wasted. Rainwater harvesting can solve this water scarcity problem in India. India has a large potential for rainwater harvesting but only 8% of the rainwater is actually harvested. If somehow this figure of 8% is increased to just 25-30%, most of the water scarcity will get solved. Just imagine what can happen if this figure is increased to around 50%.
Another big challenge to our environment is plastics or single-use plastics in particular. Prime Minister Modi aims to completely eliminate the use of single-use plastics in India. A lot of progress has been made in this department and India is one of the very few countries to have completely banned the use of single-use plastics. In order to cope up with industrial demands, plastic alternatives and recycled plastics are very important. We cannot completely ban plastics because most of the things that we use in our daily lives are made up of plastics. Slowly and gradually moving towards recycled plastics or even better alternatives to plastics is the key.
All of the above goals might look difficult to achieve within the timeframe but the reality is that if we work smartly enough, then it’s a rather easy target to achieve. Main goals of the Indian government are to eliminate the use of plastics, intelligent water management and production of solar energy. Collectively, these 3 are the biggest hurdles for sustainable development and environmental protection. If we develop a model to achieve all 3 of these goals in one go, then we can help achieve the goal of sustainable development and protect our environment as well, which is the basic need of the hour.
To cater the needs of a new India which aims to develop in a sustainable way of achieving all 3 goals in a single model, we have come up with an idea of using land available on the roads and highways, which are at present available to us free of cost as the same is not be acquired from any agency and is not being utilized for any other purposes.
Using this model on the roads and highways will also help in reducing the temperature of the road thereby reducing global warming to some extent. The life of rubber tires also increases when the road is not so hot. The cooler temperature of the road surface also helps to increase the efficiency of air conditioners used in cars thereby reducing the fuel consumption. Also, the life of the road itself will improve significantly because the road surface will be shielded from the impact of direct sunlight and rainwater. This increases the life of the material used in building roads.
MG Cooling Solutions is a company trying to bring in sustainability by making cost-efficient air conditioning which is one of the highest energy consumption recent technology.